• Global Impact Factor 2015 : 0.765
  • Global Impact Factor 2014 : 0.654



ISSN ONLINE     :     2394-4056

ISSN PRINT        :     2394-4048


The Journal of Physical Education Research (JOPER) is a peer-reviewed quarterly journal established to:

  1. Provide a forum for physical educators, sports scientists, health educators, specialist in human movement studies and recreation, as well as other sport-related professionals in World, the opportunity to report their research findings and experiences.
  2. Afford the professionals and other interested individuals in theses disciplines the opportunity to learn more about the practice of the disciplines in different parts of the continent.
  3. Create an awareness in the world about the professional practice in the disciplines of physical education.


JOPER publishes research papers that contribute to knowledge and practice, and develops theory either as new information, reviews, confirmation of previous findings, application of new teaching/coaching techniques and research notes.

Manuscripts are considered for publication in JOPER based on the understanding that they have not been published or submitted for publication in any other journal. In submitting papers for publication, corresponding authors should make such declarations. Where part of paper has been published or presented at congresses, seminars, symposium and reference to that publication should be made in the acknowledgement section of the manuscript.

JOPER is published quarterly, i.e. in March, June, September and December.

Supplements/Special editions are also published periodically.



Articles should be submitted electronically, i.e. via online submission system. However, the corresponding author should ensure that such articles are virus free. The editor will acknowledge receipt by replying to the corresponding author. JOPER reviewing process normally takes 2-3 weeks and authors will be advised about the decision on submitted manuscripts within 30 days. In order to ensure anonymity during the reviewing process authors are requested to avoid self-referencing or keep it to the barest minimum.


Manuscripts should be type written in fluent English (using 12-point Times New Roman font and 1.5 line-spacing) on of A4 sized paper justified fully with 3cm margin on all sides. In preparing manuscripts, MS-Word, Office 2007 for Windows should be used. Length of manuscripts should not normally exceed 15 printed pages (including tables, figures, references, etc.). Authors will be requested to pay a publication fee to defray the very high cost of publication. The pages of manuscripts must be numbered sequentially beginning with the title page. The presentation and reference format should be in line with the style prescribed in the publication manual of the American Psychological Association (APA) 8th edition.

Please visit URL: http://www.library.cornell.edu/resrch/citmanage/apa
See more at: http://www.theglobaljournals.com/ijar/view.php?p=author-guidelines#sthash.PysUcOtV.dpuf

Title Page

The title page of the manuscript should contain the following information:

Concise and informative title.

  • Author(s') name(s) with first and middle initials. Authors’ highest qualifications and main area of research specialization should be provided.
  • Author(s') institutional addresses, including telephone and fax numbers.
  • Corresponding author’s contact details, including e-mail address.
  • A shorts running title of not more than 6 words.


An abstract of 250-300 words is required with up to a maximum of 5 keywords provided below the abstract. Abstract must be typed on a separate page using single line spacing, with the purpose of the study, methods, major results and conclusions concisely presented. Abbreviations should either be defined or excluded.


Text should carry the following designated headings also using 1.5 line-spacing: Introduction, materials and methods, results, discussion, conclusions, acknowledgement, and references.


The introduction should start on a new page and in addition to comprehensively giving the background of the study it should clearly state the problem and purpose of the study. Authors should cite relevant references to support the basis of the study. A concise but informative and critical literature review is required.

Materials and Methods

This section should provide sufficient and relevant information regarding study participants, ethics/informed consent, instrumentation, research design, validity and reliability estimates, data collection procedure, statistical methods and data analysis techniques used. Qualitative research techniques are also acceptable.


Findings should be presented precisely and clearly. Tables and figures must be presented separately or at the end of the manuscript and their appropriate locations in the test indicated. The results section should not contain materials that are appropriate for presentation under the discussion section. Formulas, units and quantities should be expressed in the system international (SI) units. Colour printing of figures and tables is expensive and could be done upon request at authors’ expense.


The discussion section should reflect only important aspects of the study and its major causes. Information presented in the results section should not be repeated under the discussion. Relevant references should be cited in order to justify the findings of the study. Overall, the discussion should be critical and tactfully written.


In this section main conclusion of the study based on the findings should be written.


Acknowledgement should appear at the end of the text.


The American Psychological Association (APA) format should be used for referencing and citations. Only reference cited in the text should be alphabetically listed in the reference section at the end of the article. References should not be numbered either in the text or in the reference list.

Authors are advised to consider the following examples in referencing and citations:

Examples of citations in body of the text:-

For one or two authors; Mohammad (2014) and Mohammad and Hussain (2012). These references should be cited as follows when indicated at the end of a statement: (Mohammad, 2014); (Mohammad & Hussain, 2012).

For three or more authors cited for the first time in the text; Hussain, Mohammad, Khan and Bari (2013) or when cited at the end of the statement as in the preceding example; (Hussain, Mohammad, Khan, & Bari, 2013). For subsequent citations of the same reference it suffices to cite this particular reference as: Hussain, et al. (2013).

Multiple references when cited in the body of the text should be listed chronologically in ascending order, i.e. starting with the oldest reference. These should be separated with semi colons. For example, (Wilsmore & Curtis, 1982; Reilly & Borrie, 1992; Boddington, Lambert, Gibson, & Noakes, 2002; Hussain & Mohammad, 2010; Lyle, 2012).

Where reference is made to more than one work by the same author published in the same year, identify each citation in the text as: (Hussain, 2012a), (Hussain, 2012b).

In compiling the reference list at the end of the text the following examples for journal reference, chapter from a book publication, proceeding of seminar conferences and electronic citation should be considered:

Examples of Journal References:-

Journal reference should include the surname and initials of the author(s), year of publication, title of paper, name of the journal in which the paper has been published, volume and number of journal issue and page numbers.

For One Author: Hussain, I. (2011). Kinematics of penalty stroke in field hockey when it is executed at 90 degree stance position. Entire Research, 3(1), 62-65.

Two to Seven Authors [List all authors]: Hussain, I. Ahmed, S. & Khan, S. (2012). Biomechanical study on drag flick in field hockey. International Journal of Behavioral Social and Movement Sciences, 1(3), 186-193.

Eight or More Authors [List the first six authors, … and the last author]: Murtaza, S.T., Imran, M., Ahmad, T., Sharique, M., Jabin, F. Ahmad, S., … Zakir, M. (2014). Construction & standardization of fielding test in cricket. Indian Streams Research Journal, 4(8), 01-08.

Journal Article In Press: van Heerden, C.H. (2014). Expressed motives of students for sport participation in a South African context. Journal of Physical Education Research, In press.

Journal Article, Article Not in English: Seker-Aygül, Z., Akova, B. and Gür, H. (2001). The relationship of stress and stress management factors with injury in soccer players. Turkish Journal of Sports Medicine, 36, 71-80. (In Turkish: English abstract).

Magazine Article: Mathews, J., Berrett, D., & Brillman, D. (2005, May 16). Other winning equations. Newsweek, 145(20), 58-59.

Newspaper Article with No Author and Discontinuous Pages: Generic Prozac debuts. (2001, August 3). The Washington Post, pp. E1, E4.

Examples of Book Reference:

Book reference should specify the surname and initials of the author(s), year of publication of the book, title, edition, page numbers written in brackets, city where book was published and name of publishers. Chapter reference should include the name(s) of the editor(s) and other specific information provided in the third example below:

For Authored References: Arora, M. (2005). Hockey coaching manual (2nd ed.). (pp.25-29). New Delhi, India: Sports Publication.

Corporate Author with an Edition and Published by the Corporate Author: American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.

Anonymous Author: Dorland's illustrated medical dictionary (31st ed.). (2007). Philadelphia, PA: Saunders.

For Edited References: Amusa, L.O. & Toriola, A.L. (Eds.) (2003). For one Author:, (pp. 39-45). Makhado, South Africa: Leach Printers.

Books Not in English: Dizdar, D. (2006). Kvantitativne metode. [Quantitative methods. In Croatian.] Zagreb, Kineziološki fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu.

Examples of E-book Reference:

Roush, C. (1999). Inside Home Depot: How one company revolutionized an industry through the relentless pursuit of growth. New York, NY: Jossey-Bass.

Retrieved from home URL for authoritative website: Speed, H. (2004). The practice and science of drawing. Retrieved from http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/14264

Having doi number: Rodriguez-Garcia, R., & White, E. M. (2005). Self-assessment in managing for results: Conducting self-assessment for development practitioners. doi: 10.1596/9780-82136148-1

Examples of Seminar's Proceeding Reference:

For One Author:Ferdinands, R.E.D. (2010). Advanced applications of motion analysis in sports biomechanics. In R. Jensen, W. Ebben, E. Petushek, C. Richter, & K. Roemer (Eds.), 28th International Conference of Biomechanics in Sports, (pp. 70-73) Marquette, Michigan, USA: Conference Proceedings Archive, ISBS.

For Multiple Authors: Hussain, I., Mohammad, A. & Khan, A. (2011). Biomechanical analysis of successful and unsuccessful penalty stroke execution in field hockey. In S. Tyagi, A.K., Vanaik, L. Sharma, & T.N. Pramanik (Eds.), International Conference on Physical Activities & Sports for Global Peace & Development, (pp. 35-39), New Delhi, India: Sports and Spiritual Science.

Examples of Electronic Resources (computer software, computer and information services, on-line sites) reference:

Electronic sources should be easily accessible. Details of internet website links should also be provided fully. Consider the following example:

Joseph, S. (2012). Techno-tactical characteristics of pushers stance for penalty corner pushes in field hockey. Research Conducted at National Sports Institute (ISN), Malaysia. Available online at: http://www.isn.gov.my/en/downloads/category/12-newsletter?download=40:isn-today-june-2012 (Accessed December 20, 2012).

AOSSM (2004). Sports medicine update. Newsletter of the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine. Available online at: http://www.sportsmed.org/secure/reveal/admin/uploads/Documents/SMU2004MayJun.pdf (Accessed 1 January 2005).

Nonprinted Media (Abstract on CD-ROM) Reference:

Meyer, A.S., & Bock, K. (1992). The tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon: Blocking or partial activation? /CDROM/.

Theses in English

Ahmed, S. (2012). Biomechanical analysis of drag flick in field hockey. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Singhania University) Ph.D. Thesis, School of Humanities and Education, Department of Physical Education, Singhania University, Rajasthan, India.

Tammy, R.M. (1996). The Effect of Anxiety on High School Female Basketball Players Prior to Competition, (Unpublished Master’s thesis, College of New Jersey) Department of Health and Exercise Science in the Graduate Division of Rowan College of New Jersey, USA.

Theses Not in English

Šeparović, V. (2007). Uspješnost košarkaških ekipa u prostoru situacionih pokazatelja primarnog tranzicijskog i pozicionog napada. [Success of basketball teams in situational indicators of transitional and positional offensive actions. In Bosnian] (Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Tuzla University), Tuzla: Fakultet za tjelesni odgoj i sport, Univerzitet u Tuzli.

Huremović, T. (2009) Prediktivna vrijednost motoričkih sposobnosti, morfoloških karakteristika i kinematičkih parametara na rezultat ostvaren pri skoku u dalj. [Predictive values of motor abilities, morphological characteristics and kinematic parameters on long jump. In Bosnian.] (Unpublished Master‘s thesis, Tuzla University). Tuzla: Fakultet za tjelesni odgoj i sport, Univerzitet u Tuzli.


Manuscript accepted for publication may be returned to the author(s) for final correction and proofreading. Corrected proofs should be returned to the Editor-In-Chief electronically within one week of receipt. It will be assumed that the publication should go ahead if no response is received from the corresponding author within one week. Minor editorial corrections are handled by journal managing team itself.


JOPER holds the copyright. In keeping with copyright laws, authors will be required to assign copyright of accepted manuscripts to JOPER publication. This ensures that both the publishers and the authors are protected from misuse of copyright information. Requests for permission to use copyright materials should be addressed to the Editor.